Trend continuation pattern. Definition, types and ways to use it

Graphic analisis. Trend continuation patterns

27-11-2020

When it comes to the financial markets, the chart analysis implies not only the ability to find key support and resistance levels but also spot the patterns signaling that the price is going to reverse soon or the current trend is going to continue.

In our today’s article, we are going to review the entry signals that are given by the trend continuation pattern. You will get your hands on insightful tips on how to open positions. These will become a great addition to your trading strategy.

Contents:

1. So, What Is the Trend Continuation Pattern
2. Flag
3. How to trade flags
4. Pennant
5. Triangle
6. How to use all trend continuation patterns to make money

So, What Is the Trend Continuation Pattern

Technical analysis patterns are essentially visual figures that appear in the charts. Some indicate that the price direction ran its course itself and the reversal is to be expected, while others point to the trend continuation.

Trend continuation patterns include flags, pennants, wedges, rectangles, and sometimes triangles. Below, we are going to examine some of them.

Flag

Flag is one of the classical patterns indicating a trend continuation. It consists of several large candlesticks (1–3) that form a long “flagpole” and a small “cloth” which is basically a price consolidation area. This pattern can be either bullish or bearish. The direction of the price is determined by the color of the candlesticks that form the flagpole. If they point to the growth, the price will continue to consolidate, and vice versa.

Trend continuation pattern: Bullish flag

Trend continuation pattern: Bearish flag

Why do flags form in the charts? Typically, this is linked to price impulses which form on the news. The price drops or surges dramatically which is then followed by consolidation. After that, there often comes another impulse.

How to trade flags

  • Ascending (bullish) flag provides a signal to enter a long position, whereas descending (bearish) means you should go short.
  • You need to wait until the formation of the “cloth” is complete. When the price exists this consolidation range, you can open a trade.
  • You can open a position at the market price when there’s a breakout, or place a pending order.
  • In the case of the bullish flag, it makes sense to open a long position when the upper boundary of the “cloth” is broken out. If you enter according to the market, you should do it after the breakout candlestick closes above its resistance level. If you do that with a pending order, the buy stop must be placed a little above that level.
  • In the case of the bearish flag, we proceed similarly but in inverse direction: sell according to the market, or using sell stop order below the support of the “cloth”.
  • The profit potential for this trend continuation forex pattern should be at the level of 80–100% of the flagpost size.
  • Stop loss must be placed beyond the opposite level of the “cloth” of the flag pattern.

Pennant

Pennant is a trend continuation pattern that looks similar to the flag. It also has a “flagpost” formed by the bearish or a bullish candlestick. However, unlike the flag pattern, its “cloth” is in the shape of a triangle. It is as if the price was squeezed inside the triangle ready to spike in the direction specified by the “flagpost” of this pattern.

Trend continuation pattern: Bullish pennant

Trend continuation pattern: Bearish pennant

When the pennant pattern appears in the chart, positions are opened in a similar manner as in the flag pattern, except we have to wait for a breakout of triangle-shaped “cloth” instead of a horizontal rectangle. Profit targets are roughly the same, i.e. 80–100%. The stop loss must be placed right beyond the opposite level of the pattern.

Triangle

Trend continuation pattern: Triangle

Triangle is also considered a trend continuation pattern but not every single time. There’s a good reason why it’s called “servant of two masters” as the price can exit this pattern in any direction.

However, there are instances where the triangle works as the trend continuation pattern. This happens in the case of the ascending and descending pattern which coincides with the trend direction that it appeared in.

Trend continuation pattern: Ascending triangle

Trend continuation pattern: Descending triangle

Both of these triangles will be rectangular. In the ascending triangle, the upper boundary will be horizontal, whereas the bottom one will be formed by upward-directed support. When it comes to the descending triangle, it is the other way round: the bottom boundary will be horizontal and the upper one will be a downward-directed resistance.

We can treat triangles as the trend continuation patterns in the following two instances:

1. If the ascending triangle is formed in a similar trend. In this case, when its upper boundary is broken out, you can open long positions. Profit potential will be 80–100% of the pattern’s width. The stop loss must be placed beyond the opposite level of the pattern.

2. If the descending triangle appears within the trend of a similar type. The breakout of its support will serve as a signal to open short positions. Stop loss and take profit are placed in a manner described in the previous example.

How to use all trend continuation patterns to make money


1. Learn the pattern formation rules and look for accurate patterns in the charts.

2. Enter positions based on the trading plans described above.

3. Do not violate risk management when trading.

4. To be 100% sure about the accuracy of your market entry, make sure to use the solution for technical analysis patterns available in the personal account on Gerchik & Co website.


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